Department of Psychiatry
Mental Disorders | Nervous System | Neuroscience and Neurobiology | Psychiatry
BACKGROUND: Lack of normal asymmetry in the brain has been reported in patients with schizophrenia. However, it remains unclear whether disrupted asymmetry originates from inter-hemispheric functional connectivity (FC) and/or intra-hemispheric FC in this patient population.
METHODS: Forty-four patients with drug-naive, first-episode schizophrenia, 42 unaffected siblings, and 44 healthy controls underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scan. The parameter of asymmetry (PAS) and support vector machine (SVM) were used to analyze the data. Patients were treated with olanzapine for 8 weeks.
FINDINGS: Compared with healthy controls, patients showed lower PAS scores in the left middle temporal gyrus (MTG)/inferior temporal gyrus (ITG), left posterior cingulate cortex (PCC)/precuneus and left angular gyrus, and higher PAS scores in the left precentral gyrus/postcentral gyrus. Unaffected siblings also showed lower PAS scores in the left MTG/ITG and left PCC/precuneus relative to healthy controls. Further, SVM analysis showed that a combination of the PAS scores in these two clusters in patients at baseline was able to predict clinical response after 8weeks of olanzapine treatment with 77.27% sensitivity, 72.73% specificity, and 75.00% accuracy.
INTERPRETATION: The present study suggests disrupted asymmetry of inter- and intra-hemispheric FC in drug-naive, first-episode schizophrenia; in addition, a reduced asymmetry of inter-hemispheric FC in the left MTG/ITG and left PCC/precuneus may serve as an endophenotype for schizophrenia, and may have clinical utility to predict response to olanzapine treatment. FUND: The National Key RandD Program of China and the National Natural Science Foundation of China.
Asymmetry, Endophenotype, Functional connectivity, Olanzapine, Schizophrenia
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©2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
DOI of Published Version
EBioMedicine. 2018 Oct;36:429-435. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2018.09.012. Epub 2018 Sep 18. Link to article on publisher's site
Zhu, Furong; Liu, Feng; Guo, Wenbin; Chen, Jindong; Su, Qinji; Zhang, Zhikun; Li, Huabing; Fan, Xiaoduo; and Zhao, Jingping, "Disrupted asymmetry of inter- and intra-hemispheric functional connectivity in patients with drug-naive, first-episode schizophrenia and their unaffected siblings" (2018). Open Access Articles. 3619.
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