UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry

Publication Date

2018-10

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Mental Disorders | Nervous System | Neuroscience and Neurobiology | Psychiatry

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Lack of normal asymmetry in the brain has been reported in patients with schizophrenia. However, it remains unclear whether disrupted asymmetry originates from inter-hemispheric functional connectivity (FC) and/or intra-hemispheric FC in this patient population.

METHODS: Forty-four patients with drug-naive, first-episode schizophrenia, 42 unaffected siblings, and 44 healthy controls underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scan. The parameter of asymmetry (PAS) and support vector machine (SVM) were used to analyze the data. Patients were treated with olanzapine for 8 weeks.

FINDINGS: Compared with healthy controls, patients showed lower PAS scores in the left middle temporal gyrus (MTG)/inferior temporal gyrus (ITG), left posterior cingulate cortex (PCC)/precuneus and left angular gyrus, and higher PAS scores in the left precentral gyrus/postcentral gyrus. Unaffected siblings also showed lower PAS scores in the left MTG/ITG and left PCC/precuneus relative to healthy controls. Further, SVM analysis showed that a combination of the PAS scores in these two clusters in patients at baseline was able to predict clinical response after 8weeks of olanzapine treatment with 77.27% sensitivity, 72.73% specificity, and 75.00% accuracy.

INTERPRETATION: The present study suggests disrupted asymmetry of inter- and intra-hemispheric FC in drug-naive, first-episode schizophrenia; in addition, a reduced asymmetry of inter-hemispheric FC in the left MTG/ITG and left PCC/precuneus may serve as an endophenotype for schizophrenia, and may have clinical utility to predict response to olanzapine treatment. FUND: The National Key RandD Program of China and the National Natural Science Foundation of China.

Keywords

Asymmetry, Endophenotype, Functional connectivity, Olanzapine, Schizophrenia

Rights and Permissions

©2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

DOI of Published Version

10.1016/j.ebiom.2018.09.012

Source

EBioMedicine. 2018 Oct;36:429-435. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2018.09.012. Epub 2018 Sep 18. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

EBioMedicine

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

30241918

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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