Contemporary surgical management of thoracic empyema
Department of Medicine, Division of Hospital Medicine
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses | Diagnosis | Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms | Respiratory Tract Diseases | Surgery | Surgical Procedures, Operative | Therapeutics
In the USA, one million patients diagnosed with pneumonia are admitted each year and among these, 32,000 patients develop empyema (1,2). Empyema is associated with a high morbidity and mortality (2,3).
Empyema was first described by Hippocrates 2,400 years ago. He also performed the first pleural drainage when he created a burr hole to drain the infected fluids and performed daily irrigation (4).
Thoracic empyema is defined as either presence of bacterial organisms and/or presence of grossly purulent fluid in the pleural cavity. A positive culture is not required for diagnosis of patients previously on antibiotics. As well, in the case when a sampling was taken of the inflammatory fluid from around the infected empyema fluid, or in anaerobic bacterial infections which are difficult to be cultured.
DOI of Published Version
J Thorac Dis. 2018 Sep;10(Suppl 26):S3069-S3070. doi: 10.21037/jtd.2018.08.55. Link to article on publisher's site
Journal of thoracic disease
Makdisi, Tony and Makdisi, George, "Contemporary surgical management of thoracic empyema" (2018). Open Access Articles. 3604.