UMMS Affiliation

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine; Department of Quantitative Health Sciences

Publication Date

2018-06-19

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Cardiology | Cardiovascular Diseases

Abstract

Background: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has been associated with adverse left atrial (LA) remodeling and atrial fibrillation (AF) outcomes, possibly because of paracrine signaling.

Objectives: We examined factors associated with a novel measure of EAT i.e., indexed LAEAT (iLAEAT) and its prognostic significance after catheter ablation (CA) of atrial fibrillation (AF).

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 274 participants with AF referred for CA. LAEAT area was measured from a single pre-ablation CT image and indexed to body surface area (BSA) to calculate iLAEAT. Clinical, echocardiographic data and 1-year AF recurrence rates after CA were compared across tertiles of iLAEAT. We performed logistic regression analysis adjusting for factors associated with AF to examine relations between iLAEAT and AF recurrence.

Results: Mean age of participants was 61 +/- 10 years, 136 (49%) were women, mean BMI was 32 +/- 9 kg/m(2) and 85 (31%) had persistent AF. Mean iLAEAT was 0.82 +/- 0.53 cm(2)/m(2). Over 12-months, 109 (40%) had AF recurrence. Participants in the highest iLAEAT tertile were older, had higher CHA2DS2VASC scores, more likely to be male, have greater LA volume, and were more likely to have persistent (vs. paroxysmal) type AF than participants in the lowest iLAEAT tertile (p for all < 0.05). In regression analyses, iLAEAT was associated with higher odds of AF recurrence (OR = 2.93; 95% CI 1.34-6.43).

Conclusions: iLAEAT can quantify LA adipose tissue burden using standard CT images. It is strongly associated with AF risk factors and outcomes, supporting the hypothesis that EAT plays a role in the pathophysiology of AF.

Keywords

atrial fibrillation, cardiac CT, catheter ablation, epicardial adipose tissue, left atrial remodeling, recurrence

Rights and Permissions

Copyright © 2018 Sanghai, Sardana, Hansra, Lessard, Dahlberg, Aurigemma, Fitzgibbons and McManus. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

DOI of Published Version

10.3389/fcvm.2018.00076

Source

Front Cardiovasc Med. 2018 Jun 19;5:76. doi: 10.3389/fcvm.2018.00076. eCollection 2018. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Frontiers in cardiovascular medicine

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

29971239

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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