Allergy and Immunology | Bacterial Infections and Mycoses | Immunity | Immunoprophylaxis and Therapy | Microbiology
Background. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) cause diarrheal illness in infants in the developing world and travelers to endemic countries including military personnel. ETEC infection of the host involves colonization of the small intestinal epithelium and toxin secretion leading to watery diarrhea. There is currently no vaccine licensed to prevent ETEC. CFA/I is one of the most common colonization factor antigens (CFAs). The CFA/I adhesin subunit, CfaE, is required for ETEC adhesion to host intestinal cells. Human antibodies against CfaE have potential to block colonization of ETEC and serve as an immunoprophylactic against ETEC-related diarrhea.
Methods. Mice transgenic for human immunoglobulin genes were immunized with CfaE to generate a panel of human monoclonal IgG1 antibodies (HuMAbs). The most potent IgG1 identified in the in vitro functional assays were selected and isotype switched to secretory IgA (sIgA) and tested in animal colonization assays via oral administration.
Results. Over 300 unique anti-CfaE IgG1 HuMabs were identified. The lead IgG1 anti-CfaE HuMAbs completely inhibited hemagglutination and blocked adhesion of ETEC to Caco-2 cells. Epitope mapping studies revealed that HuMAbs recognized epitopes in the N-terminal domain of CfaE near the putative receptor binding site. Oral administration of anti-CfaE antibodies in either IgG or secretory IgA isotypes inhibited intestinal colonization in mice challenged with ETEC. A two to four log decrease of colony forming units was observed as compared to irrelevant isotype controls.
Conclusions. We identified fully human monoclonal antibodies against CfaE adhesion domain that can be potentially employed as an immunoprophylaxis to prevent ETEC-related diarrhea.
ETEC, CfaE, HuMAb, fimbriae, adhesins
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Copyright © 2018 Giuntini et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.
DOI of Published Version
Infect Immun. 2018 Aug. 86:e00355-18. doi: 10.1128/IAI.00355-18. Link to article on publisher's site
Infection and immunity
Giuntini, Serena; Stoppato, Matteo; Sedic, Maja; Monir, Ejemel; Pondish, Jessica R.; Wisheart, Danielle; Schiller, Zachary; Thomas, William D. Jr.; Barry, Eileen M.; Cavacini, Lisa; klempner, mark S.; and Wang, Yan, "Identification and Characterization of Human Monoclonal Antibodies for Immunoprophylaxis Against Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Infection" (2018). Open Access Articles. 3500.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.