Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive And Behavioral Medicine; UMass Worcester Prevention Research Center; Stress Reduction Clinic
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition | Health and Physical Education | Health Psychology | Movement and Mind-Body Therapies | Preventive Medicine
Whether mindfulness training (MT) could improve healthy behaviors is unknown. This study sought to determine feasibility and acceptability of integrating MT into school-based health education (primary outcomes) and to explore its possible effects on healthy behaviors (exploratory outcomes). Two high schools in Massachusetts (2014-2015) were randomized to health education plus MT (HE-MT) (one session/week for 8weeks) or to health education plus attention control (HE-AC). Dietary habits (24-h dietary recalls) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA/7-day recalls) were assessed at baseline, end of treatment (EOT), and 6months thereafter. Quantile regression and linear mixed models were used, respectively, to estimate effects on MVPA and dietary outcomes adjusting for confounders. We recruited 53 9th graders (30 HEM, 23 HEAC; average age 14.5, 60% white, 59% female). Retention was 100% (EOT) and 96% (6months); attendance was 96% (both conditions), with moderate-to-high satisfaction ratings. Among students with higher MVPA at baseline, MVPA was higher in HE-MT vs. HE-AC at both EOT (median difference=81min/week, p=0.005) and at 6months (p=0.004). Among males, median MVPA was higher (median difference=99min/week) in HE-MT vs. HEAC at both EOT (p=0.056) and at 6months (p=0.04). No differences were noted in dietary habits. In sum, integrating school-based MT into health education was feasible and acceptable and had promising effects on MVPA among male and more active adolescents. These findings suggest that MT may improve healthy behaviors in adolescents and deserve to be reproduced in larger, rigorous studies.
Adolescents, Diet, Mindfulness, Physical activity, Prevention, School-based interventions
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© 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY-NC-ND/4.0/).
DOI of Published Version
Prev Med Rep. 2018 Jan 28;9:92-95. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.01.009. eCollection 2018 Mar. Link to article on publisher's site
Preventive medicine reports
Salmoirago-Blotcher, Elena; Druker, Susan; Frisard, Christine F.; Dunsiger, Shira I.; Crawford, Sybil L.; Meleo-Meyer, Florence; Bock, Beth; and Pbert, Lori, "Integrating mindfulness training in school health education to promote healthy behaviors in adolescents: Feasibility and preliminary effects on exercise and dietary habits" (2018). Open Access Articles. 3362.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms Commons, Community Health and Preventive Medicine Commons, Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Commons, Health and Physical Education Commons, Health Psychology Commons, Movement and Mind-Body Therapies Commons, Preventive Medicine Commons