UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine

Publication Date

2018-01-30

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Cells | Circulatory and Respiratory Physiology | Hemic and Immune Systems | Medical Pharmacology | Pharmacology

Abstract

Platelets are small anucleated cells present only in mammals. Platelets mediate intravascular hemostatic balance, prevent interstitial bleeding, and have a major role in thrombosis. Activation of platelet purinergic receptors is instrumental in initiation of hemostasis and formation of the hemostatic plug, although this activation process becomes problematic in pathological settings of thrombosis. This review briefly outlines the roles and function of currently known platelet purinergic receptors (P1 and P2) in the setting of hemostasis and thrombosis. Additionally, we discuss recent novel studies on purinergic receptor distribution according to heterogeneous platelet size, and the possible implication of this distribution on hemostatic function.

Keywords

ADP, ATP, adenosine, platelets, purinergic receptors

Rights and Permissions

Copyright © 2018 Koupenova and Ravid. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

DOI of Published Version

10.3389/fphar.2018.00037

Source

Front Pharmacol. 2018 Jan 30;9:37. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2018.00037. eCollection 2018. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Frontiers in pharmacology

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

29441021

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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