Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Cells | Circulatory and Respiratory Physiology | Hemic and Immune Systems | Medical Pharmacology | Pharmacology
Platelets are small anucleated cells present only in mammals. Platelets mediate intravascular hemostatic balance, prevent interstitial bleeding, and have a major role in thrombosis. Activation of platelet purinergic receptors is instrumental in initiation of hemostasis and formation of the hemostatic plug, although this activation process becomes problematic in pathological settings of thrombosis. This review briefly outlines the roles and function of currently known platelet purinergic receptors (P1 and P2) in the setting of hemostasis and thrombosis. Additionally, we discuss recent novel studies on purinergic receptor distribution according to heterogeneous platelet size, and the possible implication of this distribution on hemostatic function.
ADP, ATP, adenosine, platelets, purinergic receptors
Rights and Permissions
Copyright © 2018 Koupenova and Ravid. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
DOI of Published Version
Front Pharmacol. 2018 Jan 30;9:37. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2018.00037. eCollection 2018. Link to article on publisher's site
Frontiers in pharmacology
Koupenova-Zamor, Milka and Ravid, Katya, "Biology of Platelet Purinergic Receptors and Implications for Platelet Heterogeneity" (2018). Open Access Articles. 3360.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.