Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine
Circulatory and Respiratory Physiology | Clinical Epidemiology | Diagnosis | Epidemiology | Musculoskeletal, Neural, and Ocular Physiology | Psychological Phenomena and Processes
The purpose of this study is to track the trends of low visual acuity (VA) from 2005 to 2014, and to investigate its associations with systemic blood pressure (BP) components among adolescents in Northeast China. A total of 55320 students of Han nationality aged 13 to 18 years were included. There has been a significant increase in the prevalence of low VA, with 31.3% in 2005, 40.2% in 2010 and 43.4% in 2014. In multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models, each 1-mm Hg increment in systolic BP (SBP) was associated with 0.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.1-1.6%), 0.5% (95% CI: 0.1-0.9%) and 1.1% (95% CI: 0.6-1.6%) increased odds of low VA for males in 2005, 2010 and 2014; each 1-mm Hg increment in pulse pressure (PP) was associated with 1.6% (95% CI: 0.7-2.5%), 0.8% (95% CI: 0.4-1.2%) and 1.2% (95% CI: 0.7-1.7%) increased odds of low VA. Higher PP categories had greater odds for low VA compared with the reference group. Similar associations were not observed for females. We conclude that higher prevalence of low VA was significantly associated with higher SBP and PP in males. Furthermore, there was a dose-dependent association between the prevalence of low VA and the levels of PP.
Rights and Permissions
Copyright © The Author(s) 2017. Open Access: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
DOI of Published Version
Sci Rep. 2017 Nov 22;7(1):15990. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-14252-9. Link to article on publisher's site
Zhao M, Wang W, Yu H, Ma Y, Zheng L, Zhang L, Wu G, Sun Y, Li J. (2017). Elevated blood pressure is associated with higher prevalence of low visual acuity among adolescent males in Northeast China. Open Access Articles. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-14252-9. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/oapubs/3304
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Circulatory and Respiratory Physiology Commons, Clinical Epidemiology Commons, Diagnosis Commons, Epidemiology Commons, Musculoskeletal, Neural, and Ocular Physiology Commons, Psychological Phenomena and Processes Commons