Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy And Critical Care Medicine
Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins | Bacterial Infections and Mycoses | Bacteriology | Endocrine System Diseases | Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases | Pathogenic Microbiology
BACKGROUND: The association of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) with tuberculosis-diabetes comorbidity (PTB-DM) is not well understood.
METHODS: To study the association of AMPs with PTB-DM, we examined the systemic levels of cathelicidin (LL37), human beta defensin- 2 (HBD2), human neutrophil peptides 1-3, (HNP1-3) and granulysin in individuals with either PTB-DM, PTB, latent TB (LTB) or no TB infection (NTB).
RESULTS: Circulating levels of cathelicidin and HBD2 were significantly higher and granulysin levels were significantly lower in PTB-DM compared to PTB, LTB or NTB, while the levels of HNP1-3 were significantly higher in PTB-DM compared to LTB or NTB individuals. Moreover, the levels of cathelicidin and/or HBD2 were significantly higher in PTB-DM or PTB individuals with bilateral and cavitary disease and also exhibited a significant positive relationship with bacterial burden. Cathelidin, HBD2 and HNP1-3 levels exhibited a positive relationship with HbA1c and/or fasting blood glucose levels. Finally, anti-tuberculosis therapy resulted in significantly diminished levels of cathelicidin, HBD2, granulysin and significantly enhanced levels of HNP1-3 and granulysin in PTB-DM and/or PTB individuals.
CONCLUSION: Therefore, our data demonstrate that PTB-DM is associated with markedly enhanced levels of AMPs and diminished levels of granulysin.
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DOI of Published Version
PLoS One. 2017 Sep 14;12(9):e0184753. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184753. eCollection 2017. Link to article on publisher's site
Kumar, Nathella Pavan; Moideen, Kadar; Viswanathan, Vijay; Sivakumar, Shanmugam; Menon, Pradeep A.; Kornfeld, Hardy; and Babu, Subash, "Heightened circulating levels of antimicrobial peptides in tuberculosis-Diabetes co-morbidity and reversal upon treatment" (2017). Open Access Articles. 3268.
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