Correlation between preconception maternal non-occupational exposure to interior decoration or oil paint odour and average birth weight of neonates: findings from a nationwide cohort study in China's rural areas
Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine
Environmental Public Health | Maternal and Child Health | Medical Toxicology | Pediatrics | Reproductive and Urinary Physiology
BACKGROUND: Birth weight is a critical indicator of neonatal health and foretells people's health in adolescence and even adulthood. Some researchers have warned against the adverse effects on babies' birth weight of exposure to pollutants in interior decoration or oil paint by odour intake. This study evaluated the effects of maternal exposure to such factors before conception on the birth weights of neonates.
METHODS: Data on 213 461 cases in this study were from the database of the free National Pre-pregnancy Checkups Project. Defined as 'exposed' were those women exposed to oil paint odour or interior decoration at home or in the workplace within 6 months before their pregnancy. The study focused on revealing the correlation between such exposure and the birth weight of the neonates of these women, especially the incidence of macrosomia and low birth weight (LBW). Statistical analysis was conducted using the Kruskal-Wallis H test, the Mann-Whitney U test and logistic regression.
RESULTS: The birth weight of babies from mothers non-occupationally exposed to such settings averaged 3465 g (range 3150-3650 g), whereas the birth weight of those from mothers free of such exposure averaged 3300 g (range 3000-3600g). Maternal exposure preconception to interior decoration or oil paint odour reduced the incidence of LBW in their babies (p=0.003, OR 0.749, 95% CI 0.617 to 0.909). Such exposure may also augment the probability of macrosomia (p < 0.001, OR 1.297, 95% CI 1.133 to 1.484).
CONCLUSION: Maternal exposure to interior decoration or oil paint odour preconception may increase the average birth weight of neonates, as well as the incidence of macrosomia.
Interior decoration or oil paint odor, birth weight, low birth weight, macrosomia
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DOI of Published Version
BMJ Open. 2017 Aug 21;7(8):e013700. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013700. Link to article on publisher's site
Liu, Huiting; Chen, Shi; Zhu, Huijuan; Yang, Hongbo; Gong, Fengying; Wang, Linjie; Jiang, Yu; Lian, Bill Q.; Yan, Chengsheng; Li, Jianqang; Wang, Qing; Zhang, Shikun; and Pan, Hui, "Correlation between preconception maternal non-occupational exposure to interior decoration or oil paint odour and average birth weight of neonates: findings from a nationwide cohort study in China's rural areas" (2017). Open Access Articles. 3223.
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