Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; Commonwealth Medicine, Massachusetts Supranational TB Reference Laboratory
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition | Nutrition | Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases | Preventive Medicine
The effect of skipping breakfast on health, especially in adults, remains a controversial topic. A secondary data analysis was conducted to examine associations between breakfast eating patterns and weight loss, nutrient intake, and metabolic parameters among participants with metabolic syndrome (MetS) (n = 240). Three randomly selected 24-h dietary recalls were collected from each participant at baseline and at the one-year visit. Skipped breakfast was seen in 32.9% at baseline and in 17.4% at the one-year visit, respectively. At baseline, after adjustment for demographics and physical activity, participants who ate breakfast had a higher thiamin, niacin, and folate intake than did breakfast skippers (p < 0.05); other selected parameters including body weight, dietary quality scores, nutrient intake, and metabolic parameters showed no significant differences between the two groups (p > /= 0.05). From baseline to one year, after adjustment for covariates, mean fat intake increased by 2.7% (95% confidence intervals (CI): -1.0, 6.5%) of total energy in breakfast skippers in comparison to the 1.2% decrease observed in breakfast eaters (95% CI: -3.4, 1.1%) (p = 0.02). Mean changes in other selected parameters showed no significant differences between breakfast skippers and eaters (p > 0.05). This study did not support the hypothesis that skipping breakfast has impact on body weight, nutrient intakes, and selected metabolic measures in participants with MetS.
breakfast skipping, metabolic syndrome, nutrient intake, weight loss
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DOI of Published Version
Nutrients. 2017 Apr 14;9(4). pii: E384. doi: 10.3390/nu9040384. Link to article on publisher's site
Zhang, Lijuan; Cordeiro, Lorraine S.; Liu, Jinghua; and Ma, Yunsheng, "The Association between Breakfast Skipping and Body Weight, Nutrient Intake, and Metabolic Measures among Participants with Metabolic Syndrome" (2017). Open Access Articles. 3138.
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