UMMS Affiliation

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health

Publication Date


Document Type



Family Medicine | Medical Education | Obstetrics and Gynecology


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the impact of laborists (which we defined as "clinicians dedicated to providing LandD care services in the hospital environment for pregnant patients, regardless of who provided the prenatal care" for this survey) on family medicine residency training. We surveyed family medicine residency directors to assess characteristics about laborist services and their involvement in family medicine residency teaching.

METHODS: Questions were included in the 2015 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) survey of family medicine residency directors. Univariate statistics were used to describe programs, directors, and our questions on the use of laborists. Chi-square tests and Student's t tests were used to evaluate bivariate relationships using a a P

RESULTS: A total of 250/473 (52.9%) of residency directors completed the laborist section of the CERA survey. Sixty-four percent of residency programs were community based/university affiliated, representing the expected range, size, and location of family medicine programs. Almost half of programs (44.4%) reported a laborist service in their main teaching hospital for L&D training. Of directors, 64.1 % viewed laborists as good/excellent educators; 54.3% reported little or no reduction in L&D teaching required of their faculty despite the presence of a laborist service. Fifteen percent reported that >30% of their graduates included L&D care in their first practice.

CONCLUSIONS: Laborists have an important role in family medicine resident obstetrics training and education. More research is needed to explore how laborists and family medicine faculty can collaborate to promote enhanced efficiency and effectiveness as residency teachers.


maternity care, laborists, family medicine, obstetrics, residency, training

Rights and Permissions

Open access.


Baldor RA, Pecci CC, Moreno G, Duyne VV, Potts SE. A National CERA Study of the Use of Laborists in Family Medicine Residency Training. Fam Med 2017;49(2):114-121. Link to article on publisher's website

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Family medicine

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.