UMMS Affiliation

Program in Molecular Medicine; Diabetes Center of Excellence

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Document Type



Cell Biology | Developmental Biology | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Molecular Biology


INTRODUCTION: Immunodeficient mice engrafted with human immune systems support studies of human hematopoiesis and the immune response to human-specific pathogens. A significant limitation of these humanized mouse models is, however, a severely restricted ability of human B cells to undergo class switching and produce antigen-specific IgG after infection or immunization.

METHODS: In this study, we have characterized the development and function of human B cells in NOD-scid IL2Rgammanull (NSG) mice transgenically expressing human stem cell factor (SCF), granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and IL-3 (NSG-SGM3) following engraftment with human hematopoietic stem cells, autologous fetal liver, and thymic tissues (bone marrow, liver, thymus or BLT model). The NSG-SGM3 BLT mice engraft rapidly with human immune cells and develop T cells, B cells, and myeloid cells.

RESULTS: A higher proportion of human B cells developing in NSG-SGM3 BLT mice had a mature/naive phenotype with a corresponding decrease in immature/transitional human B cells as compared to NSG BLT mice. In addition, NSG-SGM3 BLT mice have higher basal levels of human IgM and IgG as compared with NSG BLT mice. Moreover, dengue virus infection of NSG-SGM3 BLT mice generated higher levels of antigen-specific IgM and IgG, a result not observed in NSG BLT mice.

CONCLUSIONS: Our studies suggest that NSG-SGM3 BLT mice show improved human B cell development and permit the generation of antigen-specific antibody responses to viral infection.


B cells, SCID, cytokine, hematopoietic stem cells, humanized mice

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Copyright © 2016 The Authors.

DOI of Published Version



Immun Inflamm Dis. 2016 Aug 28;4(4):427-440. eCollection 2016 Dec. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Immunity, inflammation and disease

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.