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Department of Cell Biology; Cancer Center

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Animals; Calmodulin-Binding Proteins; Cell Division; Culture Media, Serum-Free; DNA Polymerase II; Drug Synergism; Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic; Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor; Hematopoietic Stem Cells; Humans; Interleukin-3; Interleukin-6; Leukemia, Myeloid; Mice; Neoplasm Proteins; Neoplastic Stem Cells; Stem Cell Factor; Thymidine Kinase; Tumor Cells, Cultured; Tumor Stem Cell Assay


Cancer Biology | Cell and Developmental Biology


Stem cell factor (SCF) is known to act synergistically with other hematopoietic factors in increasing the colony formation of hematopoietic progenitor cells. We have shown that interleukin-3 (IL-3)-dependent proliferation of NFS-60 cells is associated with the induction of a specific calmodulin-binding protein of about 68 kD (CaM-BP68). To evaluate the relationship between proliferative stimulation and the induction of CaM-BP68 by cytokines, we examined whether the increased proliferative potential of NFS-60 cells in response to SCF is reflected in an increased induction of the CaM-BP68. We observed that SCF alone has a limited effect on proliferative stimulation and on the induction of CaM-BP68 in factor-deprived NFS-60 cells. However, when combined with IL-3, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), or IL-6, it caused a significant increase in cytokine-dependent proliferative stimulation, as well as in the induction of CaM-BP68. Furthermore, an increase in IL-3-dependent induction of CaM-BP68 in the presence of SCF coincided with a corresponding increase in thymidine kinase activity, whose expression is linked to G1/S transition of the cells. At low concentrations SCF caused a synergistic increase in IL-3-dependent induction of both CaM-BP68 and thymidine kinase activity. In contrast to the changes in CaM-BP68 and thymidine kinase activity, no significant changes in DNA polymerase alpha were observed in factor-deprived NFS-60 cells in response to IL-3 and/or SCF. These observations suggest an increased expression of CaM-BP68 and thymidine kinase are associated with the synergistic effect of SCF on factor-dependent proliferation of hematopoietic progenitor cells.


Blood. 1996 Apr 15;87(8):3195-202.

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