Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology
Immunity | Immunology of Infectious Disease | Immunopathology
Inflammasome activation is associated with numerous diseases. However, in vivo detection of the activated inflammasome complex has been limited by a dearth of tools. We have developed transgenic mice that ectopically express the fluorescent adaptor protein, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC) and characterized the formation of assembled inflammasome complexes ("specks") in primary cells and tissues. In addition to hematopoietic cells, we have found that a stromal population in the lung tissues formed specks during the early phase of influenza infection, whereas myeloid cells showed speck formation after 2 days. In a peritonitis and group B streptococcus infection model, a higher percentage of neutrophils formed specks at early phases of infection, while dendritic cells formed specks at later time points. Furthermore, speck-forming cells underwent pyroptosis and extensive release of specks to the extracellular milieu in vivo. These data underscore the importance of free specks during inflammatory processes in vivo.
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DOI of Published Version
Cell Rep. 2016 Jul 12;16(2):571-82. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.06.011. Epub 2016 Jun 23. Link to article on publisher's site
Tzeng, Te-Chen; Schattgen, Stefan A.; Monks, Brian G.; Wang, Donghai; Cerny, Anna M.; Latz, Eicke; Fitzgerald, Katherine A.; and Golenbock, Douglas T., "A Fluorescent Reporter Mouse for Inflammasome Assembly Demonstrates an Important Role for Cell-Bound and Free ASC Specks during In Vivo Infection" (2016). Open Access Articles. 2792.
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