Department of Pathology
Animals; Antigens; Biomarkers; Histocompatibility Antigens; Humans; Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta; T-Lymphocytes; Thymus Gland
Immunity | Immunopathology | Pathology
The diversity of antigen receptors and the specificity it underlies are the hallmarks of the cellular arm of the adaptive immune system. T and B lymphocytes are indeed truly unique in their ability to generate receptors capable of recognizing virtually any pathogen. It has been known for several decades that T lymphocytes recognize short peptides derived from degraded proteins presented by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules at the cell surface. Interaction between peptide-MHC (pMHC) and the T cell receptor (TCR) is central to both thymic selection and peripheral antigen recognition. It is widely assumed that TCR diversity is required, or at least highly desirable, to provide sufficient immune coverage. However, a number of immune responses are associated with the selection of predictable, narrow, or skewed repertoires and public TCR chains. Here, we summarize the current knowledge on the formation of the TCR repertoire and its maintenance in health and disease. We also outline the various molecular mechanisms that govern the composition of the pre-selection, naive and antigen-specific TCR repertoires. Finally, we suggest that with the development of high-throughput sequencing, common TCR 'signatures' raised against specific antigens could provide important diagnostic biomarkers and surrogate predictors of disease onset, progression and outcome.
T cell receptor (TCR), TCR repertoire, TCR diversity, TCR clonotype, TCR bias, Deep sequencing
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DOI of Published Version
Cell Mol Immunol. 2015 Jul;12(4):391-9. doi: 10.1038/cmi.2014.134. Epub 2015 Jan 26. Link to article on publisher's site
Cellular and molecular immunology
Attaf M, Huseby E, Sewell AK. (2015). alphabeta T cell receptors as predictors of health and disease. Open Access Articles. https://doi.org/10.1038/cmi.2014.134. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/oapubs/2699
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License.