UMMS Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry

Publication Date


Document Type



Mental and Social Health | Nervous System Diseases | Pain Management | Psychiatry | Psychiatry and Psychology


This study sought to characterize the experience of stress, treatment patterns, and medical and disability profile in the migraineur population to better understand how the experience of migraines impacts the social and psychological functioning of this group. A 30-minute self-report survey was presented via a migraine-specific website with data collection occurring between May 15 and June 15, 2012. Recruitment for the study was done through online advertisements. In total, 2,907 individuals began the survey and 2,735 met the inclusion criteria for the study. The sample was predominantly female (92.8%). Migraine-associated stress was correlated with length of time since first onset of symptoms (P < 0.01) and number of symptoms per month (P < 0.01). Disorders related to stress, such as depression (P < 0.01) and anxiety (P < 0.01), were also positively correlated with the measured stress resulting from migraines. Migraine-associated stress must be understood as a multidimensional experience with broader impacts of stress on an individual correlating much more highly with negative mental and physical health profiles. Stress resulting from frequent migraine headaches may contribute to the development of medical and psychological comorbidities and may be a part of a cyclical relationship wherein stress is both a cause and effect of the social and medical impairments brought about by migraine.


migraine, headache, stress, treatment satisfaction

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Copyright 2015 Malone et al. This work is published by Dove Medical Press Limited, and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License . The full terms of the License are available at Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed.

DOI of Published Version



J Pain Res. 2015 Aug 12;8:537-47. doi: 10.2147/JPR.S88207. eCollection 2015. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of pain research

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License