UMMS Affiliation

Department of Neurology; Department of Pathology

Publication Date

9-1-2015

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Immune System Diseases | Immunopathology | Nervous System Diseases | Neurology | Pathology

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis is an acquired demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. It is the second most common cause of disability in adults in United States after head trauma.

DISCUSSION: The etiology of MS is probably multifactorial, related to genetic, environmental, and several other factors. The pathogenesis is not fully understood but is believed to involve T-cell-mediated inflammation directed against myelin and other related proteins with a possible role for B cells. The McDonald criteria have been proposed and revised over the years to guide the diagnosis of MS and are based on clinical presentation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain and spinal cord to establish dissemination in time and space. The treatment of MS includes disease modification with immunomodulator drugs and symptom management to address the specific symptoms such as fatigue, spasticity, and pain.

CONCLUSION: An update on etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and immunomodulatory treatment of MS is presented.

Keywords

Demyelination, diagnosis, etiology, immunomodulator, multiple sclerosis, pathogenesis, treatment

Rights and Permissions

Copyright 2015 The Authors. Brain and Behavior published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

DOI of Published Version

10.1002/brb3.362

Source

Brain Behav. 2015 Sep;5(9):e00362. doi: 10.1002/brb3.362. Epub 2015 Aug 3. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Brain and behavior

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

26445701

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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