Department of Medicine; Information Services
Antifungal Agents; Kidney; Pyrimidines; Triazoles
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses | Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications | Male Urogenital Diseases | Nephrology
BACKGROUND: Incorporation of the solubilizing excipient, sulfobutylether-β-cyclodextrin (SBECD), in the intravenous (IV) formulation of voriconazole has resulted in the recommendation that this formulation be used with caution in patients with creatinine clearances (Clcr) < 50 mL/min. This study evaluated the safety of IV voriconazole compared with two other IV antifungals not containing SBECD in patients with compromised renal function.
METHODS: A total of 128 patients aged 11-93 years who had a baseline Clcr < 50 mL/min between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2010 were identified from a database of a university-affiliated inpatient healthcare system; of these, 55 patients received caspofungin, 54 patients received fluconazole, and 19 patients received voriconazole. Changes in serum creatinine (Scr) and Clcr levels while on therapy were compared with baseline values and between groups.
RESULTS: The groups had similar characteristics apart from the larger proportion of females that received fluconazole. Baseline Scr was higher in those receiving caspofungin, but maximal increases of Scr and decreases in Clcr were greatest for the fluconazole group. Acute kidney injury (AKI), assessed by RIFLE criteria, was more frequent in the fluconazole vs. the caspofungin group (p < 0.01); incidence of AKI in the voriconazole group was not significantly different than found in the other two groups. The infecting organism was a predictor of AKI and formulation with SBECD was not.
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of fungal infections in patients with compromised renal function with an SBECD-containing antifungal agent was not associated with AKI in clinical practice. Since the infecting organism was associated with AKI, decision on which antifungal to use should be determined by susceptibilities to the organism and not the incorporation of SBECD in the IV formulation.
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© 2013 Lilly et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
DOI of Published Version
BMC Infect Dis. 2013 Jan 16;13:14. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-13-14. Link to article on publisher's site
BMC Infectious Diseases
Lilly CM, Welch V, Mayer T, Ranauro P, Meisner J, Luke DR. (2013). Evaluation of intravenous voriconazole in patients with compromised renal function. Open Access Articles. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-13-14. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/oapubs/2402