Department of Ophthalmology
Animals; Eye Proteins; Fluorescent Antibody Technique; Microphthalmos; Morpholinos; Mutation, Missense; Zebrafish; Zebrafish Proteins
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Ophthalmology
Genetic mutations are frequently associated with diverse phenotypic consequences, which limits the interpretation of the consequence of a variation in patients. Mutations in the retinitis pigmentosa 2 (RP2) gene are associated with X-linked RP, which is a phenotypically heterogenic form of retinal degeneration. The purpose of this study was to assess the functional consequence of disease-associated mutations in the RP2 gene using an in vivo assay. Morpholino-mediated depletion of rp2 in zebrafish resulted in perturbations in photoreceptor development and microphthalmia (small eye). Ultrastructural and immunofluorescence analyses revealed defective photoreceptor outer segment development and lack of expression of photoreceptor-specific proteins. The retinopathy phenotype could be rescued by expressing the wild-type human RP2 protein. Notably, the tested RP2 mutants exhibited variable degrees of rescue of rod versus cone photoreceptor development as well as microphthalmia. Our results suggest that RP2 plays a key role in photoreceptor development and maintenance in zebrafish and that the clinical heterogeneity associated with RP2 mutations may, in part, result from its potentially distinct functional relevance in rod versus cone photoreceptors.
Rights and Permissions
Copyright: © 2011 Patil et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
DOI of Published Version
Patil SB, Hurd TW, Ghosh AK, Murga-Zamalloa CA, Khanna H (2011) Functional Analysis of Retinitis Pigmentosa 2 (RP2) Protein Reveals Variable Pathogenic Potential of Disease-Associated Missense Variants. PLoS ONE 6(6): e21379. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0021379. Link to article on publisher's site
Patil, Suresh B.; Hurd, Toby W.; Gosh, Amiya K.; Murga-Zamalloa, Carlos A.; and Khanna, Hemant, "Functional analysis of retinitis pigmentosa 2 (RP2) protein reveals variable pathogenic potential of disease-associated missense variants" (2011). Open Access Articles. 2358.