Specific lysis of human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected cells by a HLA-A3.1-restricted CD8+ cytotoxic T-lymphocyte clone that recognizes a conserved peptide sequence within the gp41 subunit of the envelope protein
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology
Amino Acid Sequence; Antigens, CD8; Cell Line; Clone Cells; *Cytotoxicity, Immunologic; Epitopes; HIV Envelope Protein gp41; HIV-1; HLA-A Antigens; Humans; Macromolecular Substances; Molecular Sequence Data; Peptides; T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic; Vaccinia virus; Viral Envelope Proteins
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
A HLA-A3.1-restricted CD8+ cytotoxic T-cell clone, E7.20, that lyses cells infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 was isolated from an infected individual. The epitope was localized to amino acids 768-778 (RLRDLLLIVTR, NL43 env sequence) of the cytoplasmic domain of gp41 by successive use of a panel of recombinant vaccinia viruses that express truncated env genes and synthetic peptides. The epitope is conserved on 7 (NL43, BRU, HXB2, BRVA, SC, JH3, and JFL) of 13 human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates from North America. Synthetic peptides of this region of strains RF and CDC4 are also recognized by E7.20 despite a nonconservative Thr----Val or Thr----Ala change at amino acid 777; however, an MN peptide, which has four amino acid substitutions, was not reactive. The epitope recognized by E7.20 has a predicted hydrophobic alpha-helical structure, with three contiguous Leu residues followed by Ile and Val at amino acids 772-776. Cytotoxicity was restricted by HLA-A3.1 using allogeneic target cells that shared HLA class I antigens with the donor and an HLA-A and -B negative human plasma cell line transfected with the HLA-A3.1 gene. The transfected cells were infectable by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 strains IIIB and MN but only the former virus sensitized them to killing by E7.20. The ability of E7.20 to specifically lyse a human lymphocyte line infected with a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 strain carrying the conserved epitope is consistent with an important role for cytotoxic T cells in controlling infection.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 Nov 15;88(22):10277-81.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Takahashi K, Dai LC, Fuerst TR, Biddison WE, Earl PL, Moss B, Ennis FA. (1991). Specific lysis of human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected cells by a HLA-A3.1-restricted CD8+ cytotoxic T-lymphocyte clone that recognizes a conserved peptide sequence within the gp41 subunit of the envelope protein. Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/oapubs/1823