Smoking prevention and cessation intervention delivery by pediatric providers, as assessed with patient exit interviews
Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; Department of Psychiatry; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health; Department of Pediatrics
Adolescent; Adolescent Behavior; Counseling; Female; Humans; Intervention Studies; Male; Patient Education as Topic; *Pediatrics; Physician-Patient Relations; Smoking; *Smoking Cessation; Treatment Outcome
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to evaluate the degree to which a smoking prevention and cessation intervention was delivered by providers to adolescents in the pediatric office setting.
METHODS: Eight pediatric clinics in central Massachusetts were assigned randomly to either a special intervention (brief pediatric provider-delivered intervention plus peer counseling) or the usual care condition. Subjects (n = 2710) were adolescents 13 to 17 years of age, both smokers (smoked in the past 30 days) and nonsmokers/former smokers. The degree to which smoking prevention and treatment interventions were delivered by providers was assessed through patient exit interviews with adolescents after their clinic visits; interviews assessed the occurrence of 10 possible intervention steps.
RESULTS: The percentage of providers engaging in the smoking interventions differed significantly between the special intervention and usual care conditions, according to adolescent reports in the patient exit interviews. For nonsmokers/former smokers, overall patient exit interview scores were 7.24 for the special intervention condition and 4.95 for the usual care condition. For current smokers, overall patient exit interview scores were 8.40 and 6.24 for the special intervention and usual care conditions, respectively. Intervention fidelity of special intervention providers was 72.2% and 84.0% for nonsmokers/former smokers and current smokers, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric providers who receive training and reminders to deliver a brief smoking prevention and cessation intervention to adolescents in the context of routine pediatric primary care practice can do so feasibly and with a high degree of fidelity to the intervention protocol.
DOI of Published Version
Pediatrics. 2006 Sep;118(3):e810-24. Link to article on publisher's site
Pbert L, Fletcher KE, Flint AJ, Young MH, Druker S, DiFranza JR. (2006). Smoking prevention and cessation intervention delivery by pediatric providers, as assessed with patient exit interviews. Open Access Articles. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2005-2869. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/oapubs/1725