Colorectal cancer screening participation: comparisons with mammography and prostate-specific antigen screening

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine; Department of Family Medicine and Community Health

Publication Date


Document Type



Aged; Breast Neoplasms; Colonoscopy; Colorectal Neoplasms; Cross-Sectional Studies; Female; *Health Behavior; Humans; *Life Style; Logistic Models; Male; Mammography; Mass Screening; Massachusetts; Middle Aged; Occult Blood; Patient Acceptance of Health Care; Prostate-Specific Antigen; Prostatic Neoplasms; Sigmoidoscopy


Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


OBJECTIVES: The relation of personal characteristics, health and lifestyle behaviors, and cancer screening practices to current colorectal cancer (CRC) screening was assessed and compared with those factors' relation to current mammography screening in women and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening in men.

METHODS: A cross-sectional random-digit-dialed telephone survey of 954 Massachusetts residents aged 50 and older was conducted.

RESULTS: The overall prevalence of current CRC screening was 55.3%. Logistic regression results indicated that family history of CRC (odds ratio [OR] = 1.98; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.02, 3.86), receiving a regular medical checkup (OR = 3.07; 95% CI = 2.00, 4.71), current screening by mammography in women and PSA in men (OR = 4.40; 95% CI = 2.94, 6.58), and vitamin supplement use (OR = 1.87; 95% CI = 1.27, 2.77) were significant predictors of CRC screening.

CONCLUSIONS: Health and lifestyle behaviors were related to increased current CRC, mammography, and PSA screening. Personal factors independently related to CRC screening were not consistent with those related to mammography and PSA screening. This lack of consistency may reflect different stages of adoption of each type of screening by clinicians and the public.


Am J Public Health. 2001 Aug;91(8):1264-72.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

American journal of public health

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

PubMed ID