Regulation of the gating of BKCa channel by lipid bilayer thickness
Department of Psychiatry, Brudnick Neuropsychiatric Research Institute
Calcium; *Ion Channel Gating; Large-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium; Channels; Lipid Bilayers; Phosphatidylcholines; Phosphatidylethanolamines; Protein Conformation; Sphingomyelins
Transmembrane segments of ion channels tend to match the hydrophobic thickness of lipid bilayers to minimize mismatch energy and to maintain their proper organization and function. To probe how ion channels respond to mismatch with lipid bilayers of different thicknesses, we examined the single channel activities of BK(Ca) (hSlo alpha-subunit) channels in planar bilayers of binary mixtures of DOPE (1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine) with phosphatidylcholines (PCs) of varying chain lengths, including PC 14:1, PC 18:1, PC 22:1, PC 24:1, and with porcine brain sphingomyelin. Bilayer thickness and structure was measured with small angle x-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy. The open probability (P(o)) of the BK(Ca) channel was finely tuned by bilayer thickness, first decreasing with increases in bilayer thickness from PC 14:1 to PC 22:1 and then increasing from PC 22:1 to PC 24:1 and to porcine brain sphingomyelin. Single channel kinetic analyses revealed that the mean open time of the channel increased monotonically with bilayer thickness and, therefore, could not account for the biphasic changes in P(o). The mean closed time increased with bilayer thickness from PC 14:1 up to PC 22:1 and then decreased with further increases in bilayer thickness to PC 24:1 and sphingomyelin, correlating with changes in P(o). This is consistent with the proposition that bilayer thickness affects channel activity mainly through altering the stability of the closed state. We suggest a simple mechanical model that combines forces of lateral stress within the lipid bilayer with local hydrophobic mismatch between lipids and the protein to account for the biphasic modulation of BK(Ca) gating.
DOI of Published Version
J Biol Chem. 2007 Mar 9;282(10):7276-86. Epub 2007 Jan 5. Link to article on publisher's site
The Journal of biological chemistry
Yuan, Chunbo; O'Connell, Robert J.; Jacob, Robert F.; Mason, R. Preston; and Treistman, Steven N., "Regulation of the gating of BKCa channel by lipid bilayer thickness" (2007). Open Access Articles. 1276.