Department of Cell Biology
Agrin; Animals; Calcium; Chelating Agents; Chick Embryo; Egtazic Acid; Phosphorylation; *Receptor Aggregation; Receptors, Cholinergic; Signal Transduction
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Agrin is an extracellular matrix protein that directs neuromuscular junction formation. Early signal transduction events in agrin-mediated postsynaptic differentiation include activation of a receptor tyrosine kinase and phosphorylation of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs), but later steps in this pathway are unknown. Here, we have investigated the role of intracellular calcium in agrin-induced AChR clustering on cultured myotubes. Clamping intracellular calcium levels by loading with the fast chelator BAPTA inhibited agrin-induced AChR aggregation. In addition, preexisting AChR aggregates dispersed under these conditions, indicating that the maintenance of AChR clusters is similarly dependent on intracellular calcium fluxes. The decrease in AChR clusters in BAPTA-loaded cells was dose-dependent and reversible, and no change in the number or mobility of AChRs was observed. Clamping intracellular calcium did not block agrin-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of the AChR beta-subunit, indicating that intracellular calcium fluxes are likely to act downstream from or parallel to AChR phosphorylation. Finally, the targets of the intracellular calcium are likely to be close to the calcium source, since agrin-induced AChR clustering was unaffected in cells loaded with EGTA, a slower-binding calcium chelator. These findings distinguish a novel step in the signal transduction mechanism of agrin and raise the possibility that the pathways mediating agrin- and activity-driven changes in synaptic architecture could intersect at the level of intracellular calcium fluxes.
J Neurosci. 1998 Jan 15;18(2):672-8.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Megeath LJ, Fallon JR. (1998). Intracellular calcium regulates agrin-induced acetylcholine receptor clustering. Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/oapubs/1180