UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Diabetes Division

Publication Date


Document Type



Animals; Antibodies, Monoclonal; Antigens, CD; Antigens, Differentiation; CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes; CD40 Ligand; Female; *Graft Survival; *Immunoconjugates; Interferon Type II; Interleukin-4; Male; Membrane Glycoproteins; Mice; Mice, Inbred BALB C; Mice, Inbred C3H; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Skin Transplantation; Spleen; Thymectomy; Transplantation, Homologous


Immunology and Infectious Disease


Treatment of C57BL/6 mice with one transfusion of BALB/c spleen cells and anti-CD154 (anti-CD40-ligand) antibody permits BALB/c islet grafts to survive indefinitely and BALB/c skin grafts to survive for approximately 50 d without further intervention. The protocol induces long-term allograft survival, but the mechanism is unknown. We now report: (a) addition of thymectomy to the protocol permitted skin allografts to survive for > 100 d, suggesting that graft rejection in euthymic mice results from thymic export of alloreactive T cells. (b) Clonal deletion is not the mechanism of underlying long-term graft survival, as recipient thymectomized mice were immunocompetent and harbor alloreactive T cells. (c) Induction of skin allograft acceptance initially depended on the presence of IFN-gamma, CTLA4, and CD4(+) T cells. Addition of anti-CTLA4 or anti-IFN-gamma mAb to the protocol was associated with prompt graft rejection, whereas anti-IL-4 mAb had no effect. The role of IFN-gamma was confirmed using knockout mice. (d) Graft survival was associated with the absence of IFN-gamma in the graft. (e) Long-term graft maintenance required the continued presence of CD4(+) T cells. The results suggest that, with modification, our short-term protocol may yield a procedure for the induction of long-term graft survival without prolonged immunosuppression.

DOI of Published Version



J Clin Invest. 1998 Jun 1;101(11):2446-55. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

The Journal of clinical investigation

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID




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