UMMS Affiliation

Department of Cell Biology

Publication Date


Document Type



Adenosine Triphosphate; Animals; Biochemistry; Fluorescence Recovery After Photobleaching; Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer; Humans; Kinetics; Macromolecular Substances; Microscopy; Models, Biological; Molecular Biology; Protein Binding; RNA


Cell Biology


In vitro assays have contributed important insights into the mechanisms of RNA metabolism in cells. A growing collection of microscopy techniques is allowing the measurement of macromolecular binding and complex formation in the context of a real cell. We will first discuss two of the more established techniques. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) identifies binding partners, pairs of molecules residing in the same macromolecular complexes. The complimentary technique of fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) measures the rates of binding and unbinding of those molecules in their complexes. A newer technique--in vitro FRAP--assesses the regulation of binding and complex formation by co-factors in the nucleus.

DOI of Published Version



RNA Biol. 2009 Jan-Mar;6(1):25-30. Epub 2009 Jan 2. Link to article on publisher's website

Journal/Book/Conference Title

RNA biology

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID


Included in

Cell Biology Commons



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