Department of Neurobiology; Budnik Lab
Active Transport, Cell Nucleus; Animals; Cell Nucleus; Neurons; Signal Transduction; Synapses
Neuroscience and Neurobiology
How do neurons integrate intracellular communication from synapse to nucleus and back? Here we briefly summarize aspects of this topic covered by a symposium at Neuroscience 2011. A rich repertoire of signaling mechanisms link both dendritic terminals and axon tips with neuronal soma and nucleus, using motor-dependent transport machineries to traverse the long intracellular distances along neuronal processes. Activation mechanisms at terminals include localized translation of dendritic or axonal RNA, proteolytic cleavage of receptors or second messengers, and differential phosphorylation of signaling moieties. Signaling complexes may be transported in endosomes, or as non-endosomal complexes associated with importins and dynein. Anterograde transport of RNA granules from the soma to neuronal processes, coupled with retrograde transport of proteins translated locally at terminals or within processes, may fuel ongoing bidirectional communication between soma and synapse to modulate synaptic plasticity as well as neuronal growth and survival decisions.
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Copyright © 2011 the authors. Copyright of all material published in The Journal of Neuroscience remains with the authors. The authors grant the Society for Neuroscience an exclusive license to publish their work for the first 6 months. After 6 months the work becomes available to the public to copy, distribute, or display under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
DOI of Published Version
J Neurosci. 2011 Nov 9;31(45):16045-8. Link to article on publisher's site
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Fainzilber, Mike; Budnik, Vivian; Segal, Rosalind A.; and Kreutz, Michael R., "From synapse to nucleus and back again--communication over distance within neurons" (2011). Neurobiology Publications and Presentations. 100.