The proteasome inhibitor VELCADE reduces infarction in rat models of focal cerebral ischemia

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Neurology; Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Publication Date


Document Type



Animals; Boronic Acids; Brain Infarction; Brain Ischemia; Disease Models, Animal; Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery; Intracranial Embolism; Male; Neuroprotective Agents; Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex; Pyrazines; Rats; Rats, Inbred WKY; Rats, Sprague-Dawley


Neurology | Neuroscience and Neurobiology


The potential neuroprotective effects of VELCADE were investigated in two different models of focal cerebral ischemia. For time-window assessment, male Wistar-Kyoto rats were treated with 0.2 mg/kg VELCADE at 1, 2, or 3 h after the induction of permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) using the suture occlusion method (experiment 1). To evaluate effects in a different model, male Sprague-Dawley rats received 0.2 mg/kg VELCADE after embolic MCAO (experiment 2). Infarct volume was calculated based on TTC-staining 24 h postischemia and whole blood proteasome activity was fluorometrically determined in both experiments at baseline, 1 and 24 h post-MCAO. In experiment 1, a dose of 0.2 mg/kg inhibited proteasome activity by 77% and infarct volume was reduced to 175.7+/-59.9 mm3 and 205.9+/-83.9 mm3 (1 and 2 h group, respectively; p<0.05) compared to 306.5+/-48.5 mm3 (control). Treatment at 3 h was not neuroprotective (293.0+/-40.1 mm3). After embolic MCAO, infarct volume was 167.5+/-90.7 mm3 (treatment group) and 398.9+/-141.3 mm3 (control; p=0.002). In conclusion, VELCADE treatment inhibited whole blood proteasome activity and achieved significant neuroprotection in two rat models of focal cerebral ischemia at various time points poststroke.

DOI of Published Version



Neurosci Lett. 2006 May 8;398(3):300-5. Epub 2006 Feb 21. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Neuroscience letters

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