The safety and angiographic efficacy of tissue plasminogen activator in a cerebral embolization model
Department of Pathology; Department of Neurology; Department of Radiology
Animals; Cerebral Angiography; *Disease Models, Animal; Intracranial Embolism and Thrombosis; Rabbits; Safety; Tissue Plasminogen Activator
Neurology | Neuroscience and Neurobiology
Thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) has been used to treat myocardial infarction and pulmonary embolism in humans. This plasminogen activator may also be useful in treating certain strokes. We infused tPA or saline in rabbits 15 minutes after selective internal carotid artery embolization with 18-hour aged autologous clot. By serial angiography, the tPA-treated group demonstrated rapid angiographic reperfusion of the occluded vascular territory in 7 of 8 animals, whereas none of 6 saline controls did. None of the animals in either group developed macroscopic cerebral hemorrhage. Both groups showed cerebral infarction, predominantly in the territory of the occluded vessel; the extent of infarction did not differ between tPA-treated animals and controls. Early tPA therapy can allow reperfusion of occluded cerebral arteries safely and effectively in a rabbit cerebral embolization model.
DOI of Published Version
Ann Neurol. 1988 Apr;23(4):391-4. Link to article on publisher's site
Annals of neurology
Phillips, David A.; Fisher, Marc; Smith, Thomas W.; and Davis, Michael A., "The safety and angiographic efficacy of tissue plasminogen activator in a cerebral embolization model" (1988). Neurology Publications and Presentations. 143.