Department of Microbiology; Department of Microbiology and Physiological Systems
Bacteriology | Microbiology | Physiology
Sporulating cells of Bacillus sphaericus 9602 containing fully engulfed forespores at different stages of maturity were broken by ultrasonic disruption, followed by grinding with alumina. In this way soluble enzymes derived mainly from the sporangial or from the forespore cytoplasms were obtained. Diaminopimelate ligase activity is required exclusively for cortical peptidoglycan synthesis, is absent during vegetative growth, and is synthesized during forespore maturation. It is found exclusively in the sporangial cytoplasm. L-lysine ligase is required for vegetative cell wall peptidoglycan synthesis but not for cortex synthesis. It is found in both fractions, but it has a fourfold higher specific activity in the forespore cytoplasm. Other enzymes that are required for synthesis of the nucleotide-pentapeptide precursors of both cortical and vegetative cell wall peptidoglycans are found in similar specific activities in both compartments. Mature spores, free of any residual sporangial material, have specific activities of all of these enzymes and of L-lysine ligase similar to those in forespores and in vegetative cells and are devoid of diaminopimelate ligase activity. Thus, the differential expression of at least one gene required for spore cortex synthesis in B. sphaericus occurs exclusively in the sporangial cytoplasm.
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Copyright © 1976, American Society for Microbiology. Publisher PDF posted as allowed by the publisher's copyright policy at https://journals.asm.org/content/copyright-transfer-and-supplemental-material-license-agreement-2017.
J Bacteriol. 1976 Apr;126(1):213-21. Link to article on publisher's site
Journal of bacteriology
Tipper DJ, Linnett PE. (1976). Distribution of peptidoglycan synthetase activities between sporangia and forespores in sporulating cells of Bacillus sphaericus. Microbiology and Physiological Systems Publications. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/maps_pubs/62