Department of Microbiology; Department of Microbiology and Physiological Systems
Bacteriology | Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology | Physiology
Several properties of the major proteins degraded during germination of spores of Bacillus cereus, Bacillus megaterium, and Bacillus subtilis have been compared. All of the proteins had low molecular weights (6,000 to 13,000) and lacked cysteine, cystine, and tryptophan. The proteins could be subdivided into two groups: group I (B. megaterium A and C proteins, B. cereus A protein, and B. subtilis alpha and beta proteins) and group II (B. cereus and B. megaterium B proteins and B. subtilis gamma protein). Species in group II had lower levels of (or lacked) the amino acids isoleucine, leucine, methionine, and proline. Similarly, proteins in each group were more closely related immunologically. However, antisera against a B. megaterium group I protein cross-reacted more strongly with the B. megaterium group II protein than with group I proteins from other spore species, whereas antisera against the B. megaterium group II protein cross-reacted most strongly with B. megaterium group I proteins. Analysis of the primary sequences at the amino termini and in the regions of the B. cereus and B. subtilis proteins cleaved by the B. megaterium spore protease revealed that the B. cereus A protein was most similar to the B. megaterium A and C proteins, and the B. cereus B protein and the B. subtilis gamma protein were most similar to the B. megaterium B protein. However, amino terminal sequences within one group of proteins varied considerably, whereas the spore protease cleavage sites were more highly conserved.
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Copyright © 1981, American Society for Microbiology. Publisher PDF posted as allowed by the publisher's copyright policy at https://journals.asm.org/content/copyright-transfer-and-supplemental-material-license-agreement-2017.
J Bacteriol. 1981 Jun;146(3):965-71. Link to article on publisher's site
Journal of bacteriology
Yuan K, Johnson W, Tipper DJ, Setlow P. (1981). Comparison of various properties of low-molecular-weight proteins from dormant spores of several Bacillus species. Microbiology and Physiological Systems Publications. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/maps_pubs/46