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Original Research

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Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the mean volume computed tomography dose index (CTDIvol) for the standard head and body phantoms and locally designed head and body phantoms respectively. Similarly, this study determined and compared the displayed mean CTDIvol and Dose Length Product (DLP) for the above phantoms from the CT monitor. In addition, the percentage deviations of both phantoms were compared with the recommended limits from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the American College of Radiologists (ACR). Materials and

Methods: Dose measurements were made using a standard polymethymethacrylate (PMMA) phantom for head and body as well as a locally designed phantom with four CT scanners using thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLDs). The locally designed phantoms were made using a PMMA sheet, which was bent to give the desired cylindrical shape and was made like the standard phantoms. The constructed phantom was filled with water and the TLD chips were inserted into the center and peripheries of the phantoms to obtain the absorbed doses.

Results: The CTDIvol for the standard head and body phantom for center A was 66.97 and 21.85mGy and for B was 23.39 and 6.29mGy respectively. Similarly, the CTDIvol for the constructed head and body phantom for center A was 63.91 and 19.84mGy and for B was 24.67 and 6.30mGy respectively. The uncertainty between the standard and constructed head phantoms for centers A and B was 4.6 and 5.5% respectively, while that of the standard and constructed body phantoms for centers A and B was 9.2 and 0.0% respectively. The maximum percent deviation from the console CTDIvol and DLP values with the four phantoms for centers A and B was within ±20%. The mean correction factors for the head and body were 0.998 and 1.05 respectively.

Conclusion: The uncertainties obtained in this study were within the IAEA and ACR recommended value of ±20%. The constructed phantom proved useful for CT dose measurements.


Polymethymethacrylate, Volume Computed Tomography Dose Index, Thermoluminescent Dosimeter, Phantom, Dose length Product, Peripheries, Absorbed Dose

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© 2021 Tobi, Mokobia, Ikubor, and Omojola. This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


The authors acknowledge with thanks the management and staff of each of the radiological centres covered, Lagos State University radiation monitoring unit and the management and staff of the National Institute of Radiation Protection and Research (NIRPR), Ibadan.

Corresponding Author(s)

Tobi Anwuli Christiana, Department of Physics, Delta State University, Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria; anwulitobi@gmail.com