Evaluation of linear and nonlinear tomosynthetic reconstruction methods in digital mammography

UMMS Affiliation

Information Services, Academic Computing Services; Department of Cell Biology; Department of Radiology

Publication Date


Document Type



Breast Neoplasms; Female; Humans; Mammography; Phantoms, Imaging; *Radiographic Image Enhancement; Sensitivity and Specificity




RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to comparatively evaluate digital planar mammography and both linear and nonlinear tomosynthetic reconstruction methods.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A "disk" (ie, target) identification study was conducted to compare planar and reconstruction methods. Projective data using a composite phantom with circular disks were acquired in both planar and tomographic modes by using a full-field, digital mammographic system. Two-dimensional projections were reconstructed with both linear (ie, backprojection) and nonlinear (ie, maximization and minimization) tuned-aperture computed tomographic (TACT) methods to produce three-dimensional data sets. Four board-certified radiologists and one 4th-year radiology resident participated as observers. All images were compared by these observers in terms of the number of disks identified.

RESULTS: Significant differences (P < .05, Bonferroni adjusted) were observed between all reconstruction and planar methods. No significant difference, however, was observed between the planar methods, and only a marginally significant difference (P < .054, Bonferroni adjusted) was observed between TACT-backprojection and TACT-minimization.

CONCLUSION: A combination of linear and nonlinear reconstruction schemes may have potential implications in terms of enhancing image visualization to provide radiologists with valuable diagnostic information.

DOI of Published Version



Acad Radiol. 2001 Mar;8(3):219-24. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Academic radiology

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

PubMed ID