Microplate-reverse hybridization method to determine dengue virus serotype

UMMS Affiliation

Center for Infectious Disease and Vaccine Research; Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology

Publication Date


Document Type



Immunity | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Immunology of Infectious Disease | Infectious Disease | Virology


A reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and microplate-reverse hybridization method were developed to detect and type dengue viruses in patients plasma specimens. A silica method was used to isolate RNA; and 3'-noncoding region universal primers were used to amplify dengue virus RNA. Using RT-PCR and ethidium bromide staining we could detect dengue virus in serum spiked with serially diluted dengue virus with a level of sensitivity similar to that of a quantitative fluorescent focus assay of dengue viruses in cell culture, i.e. 1.4 fluorescent focus units per reaction. Applying this assay to 14 dengue-positive plasma samples and 13 dengue-negative samples, dengue viremia was detectable by RT-PCR with a sensitivity comparable to mosquito inoculation. To determine the serotypes, digoxigenin-labeled PCR products from plasma samples and six laboratory adapted dengue viruses were hybridized in stringent conditions to serotype-specific DNA probes immobilized on microplates, and the hybridized product was detected with a colorimetric assay. Serotypes of dengue viruses, in cell culture and in patient plasma specimens, were identified using this method.

DOI of Published Version



J Virol Methods. 1998 Aug;73(2):229-35. DOI: 10.1016/S0166-0934(98)00040-8

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of virological methods

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID