Mechanisms of inflammasome activation: recent advances and novel insights

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Program in Innate Immunity

Publication Date


Document Type



Biochemistry | Immunity | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Immunology of Infectious Disease


Inflammasomes are cytosolic multiprotein platforms assembled in response to invading pathogens and other danger signals. Typically inflammasome complexes contain a sensor protein, an adaptor protein, and a zymogen - procaspase-1. Formation of inflammasome assembly results in processing of inactive procaspase-1 into an active cysteine-protease enzyme, caspase-1, which subsequently activates the proinflammatory cytokines, interleukins IL-1beta and IL-18, and induces pyroptosis, a highly-pyrogenic inflammatory form of cell death. Studies over the past year have unveiled exciting new players and regulatory pathways that are involved in traditional inflammasome signaling, some of them even challenging the existing dogma. This review outlines these new insights in inflammasome research and discusses areas that warrant further exploration.

DOI of Published Version



Trends Cell Biol. 2015 May;25(5):308-315. doi: 10.1016/j.tcb.2014.12.009. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Trends in cell biology

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID