Cutting Edge: FAS (CD95) mediates noncanonical IL-1beta and IL-18 maturation via caspase-8 in an RIP3-independent manner

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology; Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology

Publication Date


Document Type



Fas Ligand Protein; Interleukin-1beta; Interleukin-18


Immunology and Infectious Disease


Fas, a TNF family receptor, is activated by the membrane protein Fas ligand expressed on various immune cells. Fas signaling triggers apoptosis and induces inflammatory cytokine production. Among the Fas-induced cytokines, the IL-1beta family cytokines require proteolysis to gain biological activity. Inflammasomes, which respond to pathogens and danger signals, cleave IL-1beta cytokines via caspase-1. However, the mechanisms by which Fas regulates IL-1beta activation remain unresolved. In this article, we demonstrate that macrophages exposed to TLR ligands upregulate Fas, which renders them responsive to receptor engagement by Fas ligand. Fas signaling activates caspase-8 in macrophages and dendritic cells, leading to the maturation of IL-1beta and IL-18 independently of inflammasomes or RIP3. Hence, Fas controls a novel noncanonical IL-1beta activation pathway in myeloid cells, which could play an essential role in inflammatory processes, tumor surveillance, and control of infectious diseases.

DOI of Published Version



J Immunol. 2012 Dec 15;189(12):5508-12. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1202121. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID