Physical Activity Enjoyment, Perceived Barriers, and Beliefs Among Adolescents With and Without Intellectual Disabilities
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center; Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center
Community Health | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Exercise Science | Mental Disorders | Psychiatry and Psychology
BACKGROUND: Youth with intellectual disabilities (ID) exhibit low levels of physical activity, but the underlying contributors to behavior are unclear. We compared physical activity enjoyment, perceived barriers, beliefs, and self-efficacy among adolescents with ID and typically developing (TD) adolescents.
METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to 38 adolescents with ID (mean age 16.8 years) and 60 TD adolescents (mean age 15.3 years). Of the original 33 questionnaire items, 23 met the test-retest reliability criteria and were included in the group comparisons.
RESULTS: Fewer adolescents with ID reported that they have someone to do physical activity with (64% vs. 93%, p < 0.001), and a greater proportion of adolescents with ID perceived that physical activities were too hard to learn (41% vs. 0%, p < 0.001). Fewer adolescents with ID believed that physical activity is good for their health (92% vs. 100%, p=0.05). More adolescents with ID reported a dislike of individual physical activities (p=0.02). A large proportion of adolescents with ID (84%) responded that they were good at doing physical activities, but the difference between groups was only of borderline significance. (95% of TD adolescents, p=0.06).
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents shared many of the same perceptions about physical activity, but some important differences between groups were identified.
DOI of Published Version
Stanish HI, Curtin C, Must A, Phillips S, Maslin M, Bandini LG. Physical Activity Enjoyment, Perceived Barriers, and Beliefs Among Adolescents With and Without Intellectual Disabilities. J Phys Act Health. 2015 Apr 1. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25830443. PubMed Central PMCID: NIHMS697578. Link to article on publisher's site
Journal of physical activity and health
Stanish, Heidi I.; Curtin, Carol; Must, Aviva; Phillips, Sarah; Maslin, Melissa C. T.; and Bandini, Linda G., "Physical Activity Enjoyment, Perceived Barriers, and Beliefs Among Adolescents With and Without Intellectual Disabilities" (2015). Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center Publications and Presentations. 47.