A national survey of self-injurious behavior in American prisons
Center for Health Policy and Research; Commonwealth Medicine
Self-Injurious Behavior; Prisoners; Prisons
Health Services Administration | Health Services Research | Public Health
Objective: This study sought information about the prevalence, epidemiology, and management of self-injurious behavior by inmates in U.S. prison systems. Although self-injurious behavior has long been the source of significant challenges in correctional settings, limited research is available on this topic.
Methods: Mental health directors in all 51 state and federal prison systems were invited to respond to a 30-item questionnaire available online or in hard copy. Univariate statistics were used to describe significant aspects of the national experience with self-injurious behavior, and bivariate statistics were used to examine relationships between variables.
Results: Thirty-nine systems (77%) responded to the survey. Responses indicated that
Conclusions: The survey responses indicated the disruptive effects of self-injurious behavior in the nation's prisons, a need for better epidemiologic monitoring and data on such behavior, and the importance of developing and widely using effective interventions. The high response rate and expressed interest in follow-up projects suggest that state and federal correctional mental health directors see a need for better information and management in this area. (Psychiatric Services 62:285-290, 2011).
DOI of Published Version
Appelbaum KL, Savageau JA, Trestman RL, Metzner JL, Baillargeon J. A National Survey of Self-Injurious Behavior in American Prisons. Psychiatric Services 2011;62(3):285-290. Link to article on publisher's website
Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.)
Appelbaum, Kenneth L.; Savageau, Judith A.; Trestman, Robert L.; Metzner, Jeffrey L.; and Baillargeon, Jacques, "A national survey of self-injurious behavior in American prisons" (2011). Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications. 50.