Center for Health Policy and Research (CHPR) Publications


Research on the individual placement and support model of supported employment

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health; Center for Health Policy and Research; Clinical and Population Health Research

Publication Date


Document Type



Cost-Benefit Analysis; Day Care; *Employment, Supported; Humans; Rehabilitation, Vocational; Schizophrenia; *Schizophrenic Psychology; Treatment Outcome


Health Services Administration | Health Services Research | Public Health


This paper reviews research on the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment for people with severe mental illness. Current evidence indicates that IPS supported employment is a more effective approach for helping people with psychiatric disabilities to find and maintain competitive employment than rehabilitative day programs or than traditional, stepwise approaches to vocational rehabilitation. There is no evidence that the rapid-job-search, high-expectations approach of IPS produces untoward side effects. IPS positively affects satisfaction with finances and vocational services, but probably has minimal impact on clinical adjustment. The cost of IPS is similar to the costs of other vocational services, and cost reductions may occur when IPS displaces traditional day treatment programs. Future research should be directed at efforts to enhance job tenure and long-term vocational careers.


Psychiatr Q. 1999 Winter;70(4):289-301.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

The Psychiatric quarterly

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed