Vasomotor Symptoms Across the Menopause Transition: Differences Among Women
Graduate School of Nursing
Obstetrics and Gynecology | Race and Ethnicity | Reproductive and Urinary Physiology | Women's Health
Vasomotor symptoms (VMS) are the primary menopausal symptoms, occurring in up 80% of women and peaking around the final menstrual period. The average duration is 10 years, longer in women with an earlier onset. Compared with non-Hispanic white women, black and Hispanic women are more likely and Asian women are less likely to report VMS. Risk factors include greater body composition (in the early stage of menopausal transition), smoking, anxiety, depression, sensitivity to symptoms, premenstrual syndrome, lower education, and medical treatments, such as hysterectomy, oophorectomy, and breast cancer-related therapies. VMS patterns over time and within higher-risk subgroups are heterogeneous across women.
Hot flashes, Menopause, Night sweats, Vasomotor symptoms
DOI of Published Version
Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2018 Dec;45(4):629-640. doi: 10.1016/j.ogc.2018.07.005. Epub 2018 Oct 25. Link to article on publisher's site
Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America
Avis, Nancy E.; Crawford, Sybil L.; and Green, Robin, "Vasomotor Symptoms Across the Menopause Transition: Differences Among Women" (2018). Graduate School of Nursing Publications and Presentations. 98.