Evaluating quality metrics of patients with type 2 diabetes managed by nurse practitioners in two family nurse practitioner-owned clinics

Publication Date


UMMS Affiliation

Graduate School of Nursing

Document Type



Endocrine System Diseases | Health Information Technology | Health Services Administration | Health Services Research | Nursing | Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases


BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a major health concern in the U.S. with increasing prevalence. There are limited data on nurse practitioner (NP) roles in diabetes management and clinical patient outcomes in relation to national standards of care. This project aimed to identify rates of American Diabetes Association (ADA) guideline adherence of two NP-owned and operated practices during an ongoing four-year quality improvement project.

METHODS: Methods: Electronic health records of 83 - 112 patients (depending on the year) ages > 18 years with type 2 diabetes were reviewed. Mean A1C and rates of adherence to ADA standards were compared from 2013 to 2017 and to national and state data.

CONCLUSIONS: Findings demonstrated that diabetes management provided by NPs consistently adhered to national ADA standards of care and met or exceeded national data. This four-year ongoing quality improvement project has led to the implementation of practice modifications that continue to improve patient outcomes through increased adherence to ADA guidelines.

IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Strategies which improve adherence to ADA standards of care by NPs are essential. Identifying rates of adherence and implementing quality improvement strategies can significantly improve the quality of care provided to patients with diabetes.


American Diabetes Association, diabetes statistics, national standards of care, nurse practitioner, nurse practitioner owned clinics, patient outcomes in nurse practitioner owned clinics, quality metrics, type 2 diabetes mellitus

DOI of Published Version



J Am Assoc Nurse Pract. 2019 Jul;31(7):413-419. doi: 10.1097/JXX.0000000000000195. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID