Requirement of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 (MKK3) for tumor necrosis factor-induced cytokine expression
Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences; Program in Molecular Medicine
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase is activated by treatment of cells with cytokines and by exposure to environmental stress. The effects of these stimuli on p38 MAP kinase are mediated by the MAP kinase kinases (MKKs) MKK3, MKK4, and MKK6. We have examined the function of the p38 MAP kinase signaling pathway by investigating the effect of targeted disruption of the Mkk3 gene. Here we report that Mkk3 gene disruption caused a selective defect in the response of fibroblasts to the proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor, including reduced p38 MAP kinase activation and cytokine expression. These data demonstrate that the MKK3 protein kinase is a critical component of a tumor necrosis factor-stimulated signaling pathway that causes increased expression of inflammatory cytokines.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Mar 30;96(7):3763-8.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Wysk, Mark Allen; Yang, Derek D.; Lu, Hong-Tao; Flavell, Richard A.; and Davis, Roger J., "Requirement of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 (MKK3) for tumor necrosis factor-induced cytokine expression" (1999). GSBS Student Publications. 953.