Poly(A) elongation during Xenopus oocyte maturation is required for translational recruitment and is mediated by a short sequence element
Program in Molecular Medicine; Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology; Program in Molecular Medicine
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Xenopus oocytes contain several mRNAs that are mobilized into polysomes only at the completion of meiosis (maturation) or at specific times following fertilization. To investigate the mechanisms that control translation during early development, we have focused on an mRNA, termed G10, that is recruited for translation during oocyte maturation. Coincident with its translation, the poly(A) tail of this message is elongated from approximately 90 to 200 adenylate residues. To identify the cis sequence that is required for this cytoplasmic adenylation and recruitment, we have synthesized wild-type and deletion mutant G10 mRNAs with SP6 polymerase. When injected into oocytes that subsequently were induced to mature with progesterone, wild-type G10 mRNA, but not mutant transcripts lacking a 50-base sequence in the 3'-untranslated region, was polyadenylated and recruited for translation. The 50-base sequence was sufficient to confer polyadenylation and translation when fused to globin mRNA, which does not normally undergo these processes during oocyte maturation. Further mutational analysis of this region revealed that a U-rich sequence 5' to the AAUAAA hexanucleotide nuclear polyadenylation signal, as well as the hexanucleotide itself, were both required for polyadenylation and translation. The 50-base cis element directs polyadenylation, but not translation per se, as a transcript that terminates with 3'-deoxyadenosine (cordycepin) is not recruited for translation. The available data suggest that the dynamic process of polyadenylation, and not the length of the poly(A) tail, is required for translational recruitment during oocyte maturation.
Genes Dev. 1989 Jun;3(6):803-15.
Genes and development
McGrew, Laura Lynn; Dworkin-Rastl, Eva; Dworkin, Mark B.; and Richter, Joel D., "Poly(A) elongation during Xenopus oocyte maturation is required for translational recruitment and is mediated by a short sequence element" (1989). GSBS Student Publications. 831.