Structural studies by 1H NMR of a prototypic alpha-helical peptide (LYQELQKLTQTLK) and homologs in trifluoroethanol/water and on sodium dodecyl sulfate micelles
Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
The 1H NMR-determined structure and dynamics of a synthetic, amphiphilic alpha-helical peptide, PH-1.0 (LYQELQKLTQTLK), and several homologs were compared in 50% trifluoroethanol-d2 (TFE-d2)/H20 and in sodium dodecyl-d25 sulfate (SDS-d25) micelles. The peptides were designed to test the influence on secondary structure of placement of favored and disfavored residues relative to a "longitudinal, hydrophobic strip-of-helix" defined by the repeating leucines. PH-1.0 was highly ordered as an alpha-helix in 50% TFE-d2/H20 and in SDS-d25 micelles. Homologs PH-1.1, in which L1 was replaced by T, and PH-1,4, in which L12 was replaced by T. were found to be partially helical in both media. Calculated structures in SDS-d25 revealed that the helix of PH-1.1 was slightly disordered at the N-terminus, but that of PH-1.4 was completely disordered at the C-terminus. Examination of distributions of hydrophobic residues in protein structures revealed that, when [symbol: see text] = LIVFM and [symbol: see text] = nonLIVFM, the pattern [symbol: see text] is favored and [symbol: see text] is disfavored in alpha-helices. Several analogs of PH-1.0 incorporating these patterns were studied. Peptide PH-1.12 (LYQELQKLLQTLK) retained alpha-helical structure in both 50% TFE-d2/H20 and in SDS-d25 micelles. However, although PH-1.13 (LYQELQKLTLTLK) was fully helical in 50% TFE, it was helical only through residue 6 in SDS micelles. Two homologs containing an additional loop of the helix and repeats of favored (PH-5.0, NYLQTLLETLKTLLQK) or suppressed LL patterns (PH-5.11, NYLQTLETLKLTQK) gave similar results, i.e. the latter peptide was helical only through residue 6 in SDS micelles. The degree of local order in these SDS micelle-adsorbed peptides correlates to placement of hydrophobic residues in motifs which are favored or disfavored in proteins in general and in alpha-helices specifically.
J Pept Res. 1997 Aug;50(2):122-31.
The journal of peptide research : official journal of the American Peptide Society
Young, John K.; Mari, Frank; Xu, Minzhen; Humphreys, Robert E.; Clemente, Nikki M.; Stattel, James Michael Walker; Nelson, Donald J.; Gambino, Joseph; and Wright, George E., "Structural studies by 1H NMR of a prototypic alpha-helical peptide (LYQELQKLTQTLK) and homologs in trifluoroethanol/water and on sodium dodecyl sulfate micelles" (1997). GSBS Student Publications. 702.