Structural studies by 1H NMR of a prototypic alpha-helical peptide (LYQELQKLTQTLK) and homologs in trifluoroethanol/water and on sodium dodecyl sulfate micelles
Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
The 1H NMR-determined structure and dynamics of a synthetic, amphiphilic alpha-helical peptide, PH-1.0 (LYQELQKLTQTLK), and several homologs were compared in 50% trifluoroethanol-d2 (TFE-d2)/H20 and in sodium dodecyl-d25 sulfate (SDS-d25) micelles. The peptides were designed to test the influence on secondary structure of placement of favored and disfavored residues relative to a "longitudinal, hydrophobic strip-of-helix" defined by the repeating leucines. PH-1.0 was highly ordered as an alpha-helix in 50% TFE-d2/H20 and in SDS-d25 micelles. Homologs PH-1.1, in which L1 was replaced by T, and PH-1,4, in which L12 was replaced by T. were found to be partially helical in both media. Calculated structures in SDS-d25 revealed that the helix of PH-1.1 was slightly disordered at the N-terminus, but that of PH-1.4 was completely disordered at the C-terminus. Examination of distributions of hydrophobic residues in protein structures revealed that, when [symbol: see text] = LIVFM and [symbol: see text] = nonLIVFM, the pattern [symbol: see text] is favored and [symbol: see text] is disfavored in alpha-helices. Several analogs of PH-1.0 incorporating these patterns were studied. Peptide PH-1.12 (LYQELQKLLQTLK) retained alpha-helical structure in both 50% TFE-d2/H20 and in SDS-d25 micelles. However, although PH-1.13 (LYQELQKLTLTLK) was fully helical in 50% TFE, it was helical only through residue 6 in SDS micelles. Two homologs containing an additional loop of the helix and repeats of favored (PH-5.0, NYLQTLLETLKTLLQK) or suppressed LL patterns (PH-5.11, NYLQTLETLKLTQK) gave similar results, i.e. the latter peptide was helical only through residue 6 in SDS micelles. The degree of local order in these SDS micelle-adsorbed peptides correlates to placement of hydrophobic residues in motifs which are favored or disfavored in proteins in general and in alpha-helices specifically.
DOI of Published Version
J Pept Res. 1997 Aug;50(2):122-31.
The journal of peptide research : official journal of the American Peptide Society
Young JK, Mari F, Xu M, Humphreys RE, Clemente NM, Stattel JM, Nelson DJ, Gambino J, Wright GE. (1997). Structural studies by 1H NMR of a prototypic alpha-helical peptide (LYQELQKLTQTLK) and homologs in trifluoroethanol/water and on sodium dodecyl sulfate micelles. Morningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Student Publications. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3011.1997.tb01177.x. Retrieved from https://escholarship.umassmed.edu/gsbs_sp/702