GSBS Student Publications


The osteocalcin gene promoter provides a molecular blueprint for regulatory mechanisms controlling bone tissue formation: role of transcription factors involved in development

UMMS Affiliation

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences; Department of Cell Biology



Document Type


Medical Subject Headings

Animals; Binding Sites; Bone and Bones; Cell Differentiation; Core Binding Factor alpha Subunits; DNA-Binding Proteins; Enhancer Elements (Genetics); Homeodomain Proteins; MSX1 Transcription Factor; Osteoblasts; Osteocalcin; *Promoter Regions (Genetics); Rats; Transcription Factor AP-1; Transcription Factor AP-2; Transcription Factors; Tumor Cells, Cultured


Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


Characterization of regulatory sequences and their cognate binding factors in the bone-specific osteocalcin (OC) gene promoter has provided insight into mechanisms that control expression of the gene under diverse biological conditions. We present evidence for AP-1 motifs and two multipartite conserved regulatory sequences, the OC Box I (nt-99 to-76) and a site designated OC Box II (nt-136 to-130) in contributing to developmental and tissue-specific expression of osteocalcin. OC Box I is characterized by a homeodomain binding site and OC Box II is a recognition sequence for AML-1 (also called PEBP2 alpha), a runt homology-related DNA binding protein. Functional activity of the elements was established in osseous and non-osseous cell lines and is in part related to the binding of osteoblast-specific complexes which enhance OC transcription. The contribution of several elements and binding of multiple classes of transcription factors to independent elements in both these domains serve to illustrate the complexity of control required for tissue-specific OC expression.

Rights and Permissions

Citation: Connect Tissue Res. 1996;35(1-4):15-21.

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

Journal Title

Connective tissue research

PubMed ID