The effects of colony-stimulating factor-1 on tooth eruption in the toothless (osteopetrotic) rat in relation to the critical periods for bone resorption during tooth eruption

UMMS Affiliation

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences; Department of Cell Biology

Publication Date


Document Type



Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


The toothless (tl) rat is an osteopetrotic mutation characterized by a generalized skeletal sclerosis, reduced bone resorption, few osteoclasts and a total absence of erupted teeth. This mutation is not cured by bone marrow transplants from normal littermates. It is known that the skeletal defects in tl rats are greatly improved after treatment with colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1). This investigation concerns the effects of CSF-1 on the development and eruption of the dentition of tl rats. Untreated tl rats had no erupted teeth by 56 days after birth, and the roots of incisors and molars were severely distorted by compression against bone. The apex of the mandibular incisor did not extend past the first molar and continued growth of its apical end produced odontoma-like masses consisting of distorted dentine and enamel matrices. In addition, few osteoclasts were seen on alveolar bone surfaces surrounding the developing teeth. Mutants given CSF-1 were characterized by delayed eruption of all molars and sometimes incisors. The incidence of incisor eruption was related inversely to the age at which CSF-1 treatment began. Molars of treated tl rats had well-developed roots similar to those in normal rats. Treated mutants had numerous osteoclasts in alveolar bone and well-developed haemopoietic marrow spaces in the mandible. Histochemical staining for both tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and tartrate-resistant acid ATPase was reduced or negligible in osteoclasts of untreated tl rats, heavy in normal osteoclasts and of intermediate intensity in CSF-1-treated mutants.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

DOI of Published Version



Arch Oral Biol. 1992 Aug;37(8):629-36.

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Archives of oral biology

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Link to article in PubMed

PubMed ID