NGF attenuates 3-nitrotyrosine formation in a 3-NP model of Huntington's disease
Biochemistry & Molecular Pharmacology
Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences; Neuroregeneration Laboratory
Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences
Nerve growth factor (NGF)-secreting fibroblasts are able to protect against the Huntington-like striatal neurodegeneration induced by the mitochondrial toxin 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP). In the present study, we investigated whether the neuroprotective effects of NGF are mediated through antioxidative mechanisms. Rats were grafted in the corpus callosum with NGF[+] or NGF[-] fibroblasts 7 days before administration of 3-NP. The generation of peroxynitrite was evaluated by measuring the striatal levels of 3-nitrotyrosine. NGF significantly decreased the 3-NP induced generation of 3-nitrotyrosine, presumably by decreasing peroxynitrite formation. These findings suggest that NGF might protect against neuronal death by inhibiting the production of nitric oxide or decreasing the levels of superoxide radicals, thereby decreasing the generation of oxidative agents such as peroxynitrite.
Neuroreport. 1996 Nov 4;7(15-17):2639-42.
Galpern, Wendy R.; Matthews, Russell T.; Beal, M. Flint; and Isacson, Ole, "NGF attenuates 3-nitrotyrosine formation in a 3-NP model of Huntington's disease" (1996). GSBS Student Publications. 369.