GSBS Student Publications


Imaging cocaine-induced changes in the mesocorticolimbic dopaminergic system of conscious rats

GSBS Program

Biochemistry & Molecular Pharmacology

UMMS Affiliation

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences; Department of Psychiatry; Center for Comparative NeuroImaging



Document Type


Medical Subject Headings

Animals; Cerebral Cortex; Cocaine; Consciousness; Dopamine; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Injections, Intraventricular; Limbic System; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley


Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to assess the effects of cocaine on brain activation in fully conscious rats. Methods were developed to image cocaine-induced changes in blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal without the peripheral cardiac and respiratory complications associated with psychostimulant administration. Using spin echo planar imaging (EPI), conscious rats were imaged in a 4.7 T spectrometer prior to and following the intracerebroventricular injection of cocaine (20 microg) in artificial cerebrospinal fluid (10 uL). Within 5 min of injection, there was a significant increase in BOLD signal intensity in the substantia nigra, ventral tegmental area, nucleus accumbens, dorsal striatum and prefrontal cortex, as compared to vehicle controls. Minimal negative BOLD signal changes were observed in response to cocaine and no significant perturbations in normal cardiovascular and respiratory function. These findings demonstrate the technical feasibility of studying psychostimulant-induced brain activity using functional MRI in conscious rats.

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Citation: J Neurosci Methods. 2004 Oct 30;139(2):167-76. Link to article on publisher's site

DOI of Published Version


Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

Journal Title

Journal of neuroscience methods

PubMed ID