GSBS Student Publications

Title

Heterologous immunity: immunopathology, autoimmunity and protection during viral infections

Student Author(s)

Laurie L. Kenney

GSBS Program

Immunology & Microbiology

Publication Date

2011-06-01

UMMS Affiliation

Department of Pathology

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Immunity | Immunology of Infectious Disease | Immunopathology

Abstract

Heterologous immunity is a common phenomenon present in all infections. Most of the time it is beneficial, mediating protective immunity, but in some individuals that have the wrong crossreactive response it leads to a cascade of events that result in severe immunopathology. Infections have been associated with autoimmune diseases such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis and lupus erythematosis, but also with unusual autoimmune like pathologies where the immune system appears dysregulated, such as, sarcoidosis, colitis, panniculitis, bronchiolitis obliterans, infectious mononucleosis and even chronic fatigue syndrome. Here we review the evidence that to better understand these autoreactive pathologies it requires an evaluation of how T cells are regulated and evolve during sequential infections with different pathogens under the influence of heterologous immunity.

Keywords

Heterologous immunity, T-cell cross-reactivity, autoimmunity, viruses, immune modeling

DOI of Published Version

10.3109/08916934.2011.523277

Source

Autoimmunity. 2011 Jun;44(4):328-47. doi: 10.3109/08916934.2011.523277. Epub 2011 Jan 20. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Autoimmunity

Related Resources

Link to Article in PubMed

PubMed ID

21250837

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