GSBS Student Publications

Title

Memory CD8+ T cells in heterologous antiviral immunity and immunopathology in the lung

GSBS Program

Biochemistry & Molecular Pharmacology

Publication Date

2001-10-23

UMMS Affiliation

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences; Department of Pathology; Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology

Document Type

Article

Disciplines

Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences

Abstract

A potent role for memory CD8+ T cells in heterologous immunity was shown with a respiratory mucosal model of viral infection. Memory CD8+ T cells generated after lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection were functionally activated in vivo to produce interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) during acute infection with vaccinia virus (VV). Some of these antigen-specific memory cells selectively expanded in number, which resulted in modulation of the original LCMV-specific T cell repertoire. In addition, there was an organ-selective compartmental redistribution of these LCMV-specific T cells during VV infection. The presence of these LCMV-specific memory T cells correlated with enhanced VV clearance, decreased mortality and marked changes in lung immunopathology. Thus, the participation of pre-existing memory T cells specific to unrelated agents can alter the dynamics of mucosal immunity and disease course in response to a pathogen.

DOI of Published Version

10.1038/ni727

Source

Nat Immunol. 2001 Nov;2(11):1067-76. Link to article on publisher's site

Journal/Book/Conference Title

Nature immunology

Related Resources

Link to article in PubMed

PubMed ID

11668342

Share

COinS